Доклад о переходном процессе за 2013 год
Переходный процесс: остановка в пути?

CH5 180sq

Основные факты

различий в материальном достатке домохозяйств в ряде стран с переходной экономикой обусловлено обстоятельствами, существовавшими при рождении человека.

Cover 180sqV2


МЕСТО РОЖДЕНИЯ ЧЕЛОВЕКА является основным фактором неравенства в материальном достатке.

является основным фактором неравенства возможностей в получении высшего образования.

Вовлеченность в экономическую жизнь общества

Economic inclusion


D. Acemoğlu and J. Robinson (2012)
"Why nations fail: the origins of power, prosperity, and poverty",
Crown Business, New York.

R. Barro, and J.-W. Lee (2010)
"A New Data Set of Educational Attainment in the World, 1950-2010.", NBER Working Paper No. 15902. April 2010. April 2013 Update.

N. Belhaj Hassine (2012)
"Inequality of opportunity in Egypt",
World Bank Economic Review, Vol. 26, No. 2, pp. 265-295.

F. Bourguignon, F. Ferreira and M. Menéndez (2007)
"Inequality of opportunity in Brazil", Review of Income and Wealth, Vol. 53, No. 4, pp. 585-618.

K. Charles, E. Hurst and A. Killewald (2013)
"Marital sorting and parental wealth", Demography, Vol. 50, No. 1, pp. 51-70.

F. Chávez Juárez and I. Soloaga (2012)
"IOP: Stata module to compute different measures of inequality of opportunity for dichotomous, ordered and continuous outcome variables", Statistical Software Components, S457442, Boston College Department of Economics.

F. Chávez Juárez and I. Soloaga (2013)
"Scale vs. translation invariant measures of inequality of opportunity when the outcome is binary". Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2226822 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2226822

D. Checchi, V. Peragine and L. Serlenga (2010)
"Fair and unfair income inequalities in Europe", IZA Discussion Paper No. 5025, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

I. Diwan (2012)
"A rational framework for the understanding of the Arab revolutions", forthcoming ERF working paper, Economic Research Forum, Cairo, Egypt.

H. El Enbaby (2012)
"Evaluating inequality of opportunity in Egypt using a wealth index", unpublished master's thesis, The London School of Economics and Political Science, London, United Kingdom.

F. Ferreira and J. Gignoux (2011)
"The measurement of inequality of opportunity: theory and an application to Latin America", Review of Income and Wealth, No. 57, Vol. 4, pp. 622-657.

F. Ferreira, J. Gignoux and M. Aran (2011)
"Measuring inequality of opportunity with imperfect data: the case of Turkey", Journal of Economic Inequality, Vol. 9, Issue 4, pp. 651-680.

D. Filmer and L. Pritchett (2001)
"Estimating wealth effects without expenditure data – or tears: an application to educational enrollments in states of India", Demography, Vol. 38, No. 1, pp. 115-132.

A. Galal and H. Selim (2012)
"The elusive quest for Arab economic development", ERF Working Paper No. 722, Economic Research Forum, Cairo, Egypt.

N. Gennaioli, R. La Porta, F. López-de-Silanes and A. Shleifer (2013)
"Human capital and regional development", Quarterly Journal of Economics, Vol. 128, No. 1, pp. 105-164.

P. Gregg and E. Tominey (2005)
"The wage scar from youth unemployment",
Labour Economics, Vol. 12, No. 4, pp. 487-509.

B. Heyns (2005)
"Emerging inequalities in central and eastern Europe",
Annual Review of Sociology, Vol. 31, pp. 163-197.

International Labour Organization (2012)
"The youth employment crisis: time for action",
International Labour Conference, 101st Session, Report V.

A. Lindbeck and D. Snower (1989)
The Insider-Outsider Theory of Employment and Unemployment, MIT Press.

L. Macmillan (2012)
The Cost of Youth Unemployment, ACEVO Commission on Youth Unemployment, United Kingdom.

G. Marrero and J Rodríguez (2013)
"Inequality of opportunity and growth", Journal of Development Economics, forthcoming.

D. McKenzie (2005)
"Measuring inequality with asset indicators", Journal of Population Economics, Vol. 18, pp. 229–260.

C. Meghir and M. Palme (2005)
"Educational reform, ability, and family background", American Economic Review, Vol. 95, No. 1, pp. 414-424.

N. O'Higgins (2003)
"Trends in the youth labour market in developing and transition countries",
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 0321, October.

R. Paes de Barros, F. Ferreira, J. Molinas Vega and J. Saavedra-Chanduvi (2009)
Measuring inequality of opportunity in Latin America and the Caribbean, World Bank, Washington, DC.

J. Rawls (1971)
A Theory of Justice, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA.

M. Reinsch (2012)
"Youth financial inclusion: promising examples for achieving youth economic empowerment", European Dialogue, No. 5, October.

J. Roemer (1998)
"Equality of opportunity",
Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA.

D. Sahn and D. Stifel (2003)
"Exploring alternative measures of welfare in the absence of expenditure data", Review of Income and Wealth, Vol. 49, pp. 463-489.

D. Salehi-Isfahani, N. Belhaj Hassine and R. Assaad (2011)
"Equality of opportunity in education in the Middle East and North Africa".

A. Shorrocks (2013)
"Decomposition procedures for distributional analysis: a unified framework based on the Shapley value", Journal of Economic Inequality, Vol. 11, No. 1, pp. 99-126.

F. Solt (2009)
"Standardizing the World Income Inequality Database",
Social Science Quarterly, Vol. 90, No. 2, pp. 231-242. SWIID Version 4.0, September 2013.

S. Vyas and L. Kumaranayake (2006)
"Constructing socio-economic status indices: how to use principal components analysis", Health Policy Planning, Vol. 21, No. 6, pp. 459-468.

World Bank (2012a)
World Development Report 2012:
Gender Equality and Development.

World Bank (2012b)
"Youth unemployment and vocational training",
background paper for the World Development Report 2013.

World Bank (2013)
"Youth unemployment in the North Africa region".